January 15, 2020, St. George’s, Grenada. Article 5 countries that are parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer are required to have an effective and functioning license and quota system to assist these countries in meeting their phase out of production and consumption of all ozone depleting substances.  Grenada was successful in establishing a License and Quota System in November 2013, to restrict the importation ozone depleting substances (ODS) into the country. (The refrigerant (HCFC 22 or R-22) is the only ODS imported).

The Quota System which regulates the amount of ODS that can be imported by each of the registered importers is distributed to the importers in the preceding year, of the year of import.  These annual import quotas assigned, have been reduced every year (since 2013) to coincide with the Montreal Protocol phase out targets.

Data on importation of ODS from the National Ozone Unit (NOU) indicates that only 64% of the import quota issued in 2019 were used up by the importers.  Further details revealed that of the seven (7) registered importers for importation of ODSs, three (3) companies did not used up any of their quotas while another two (2) did not use up all allocated to them.  However, two companies used up their full quotas.  More information from the NOU also indicates that although the NOU could have issued quotas up to 65% of its baseline, only 33% was issued in 2019.

According to National Ozone Officer, Mr. Leslie Smith, “there is a clear indication that the importation or consumption of ozone depleting substances at the national level is on the steep decline from 15.8 metric tonnes in 2009 to approximately 3.2 metric tonnes at the end of 2019. This is primarily due to the very successful implementation of the licensing and quota system along with the co-operation received from refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment importers in introducing alternative technologies with zero ozone depleting potential (ODP) and low global warming potential (GWP)”.

This consumption level means that Grenada is well ahead of its 65% reduction in relation to the Montreal Protocol’s January 01, 2020 phase out target for Article 5 countries.