Wednesday October 26th, 2016: The National Ozone Unit, Energy Division, Ministry of Finance and Energy conducted a half day consultation to update stakeholders of the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) Sector in Grenada on the recently approved Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

This landmark agreement that addresses the phase down of production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –a group of potent green-house gases, used mainly as a refrigerant in the RAC sector was adopted during the early morning of October 15th, 2016, at the recently held 28th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol held in Kigali, Rwanda from October 10th-16th, 2016.

At the consultation held at the Ministry of Finance and Energy, the National Ozone Officer, Mr. Leslie Smith, presented to the stakeholders on the outcome of the Kigali Meeting; the key elements of the Amendment and the implications for low volume consuming (LVC) countries such as Grenada.

Among the stakeholders present were representatives from the Grenada Refrigeration Air-conditioning and Ventilating Association (GRAVA), importers of RAC refrigerants and equipment, Customs Officers, T A Marryshow Community College (TAMCC), Trade Officials, the Grenada Bureau of Standards (GDBS) and the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC).

Mr. Smith in his presentation updated the stakeholders on the new procedures adopted for baseline consumption calculation, the freeze date and the HFC phase down obligations for Grenada and other developing countries. In the case of Grenada he outlined that the baseline would be calculated on the average consumption of HFC’s for the years 2020-2022 plus 65% of the HCFC baseline. The freeze year is 2024 and the phase down steps would be to reduce consumption to 90% of the baseline by January 1, 2029, 70% by 2035, 50% by 2040 and 20% by 2045 and thereafter.

The current consumption trend for HFCs for Grenada shows year on year increases. Mr. Smith also discussed the relationship of the Amendment with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol as well and the flexibility by which parties can operate. Further, he informed that the amendment is due to enter into force on January 1, 2019.

During the discussion with the stakeholders of the implications of the Amendment for Grenada, a number of issues were highlighted. Among them were:

  • The need to impose import restrictions for HFC and HFC based equipment;
  • The need to update national legislation to include regulations on HFC control measures;
  • Additional training and capacity building for the RAC technicians;
  • Availability and cost of alternative low GWP alternatives for all applications;
  • Increase awareness and educational activities;
  • Establishment of an incentive regime and;
  • Development of standards for the RAC sector particularly to address flammable and toxic refrigerants

These issues and other will be addressed in moving forward with a planned program of activities to address the phase down of HFCs