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Challenges and Opportunities Presented at Technology Forum on Climate Friendly Alternatives in Commercial Refrigeration

Montreal, Canada, Saturday December 08, 2012: The Technology Forum on Climate Friendly Alternatives in Commercial Refrigeration organized by Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) in conjunction with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and hosted by Environment Canada, in Montreal Canada on Saturday December 08, 20112, brought together a number of Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (RAC) experts, marketing personnel and policy makers to discuss available options in this RAC sub-sector.

Initial discussions focused on an overview of the commercial refrigeration sub-sector and extended further into details on options available for all applications.  An analysis of cost, space, energy-use, safety, regulatory compliance, feasibility of and barriers to the use of climate friendly alternatives were also discussed.  Challenges and opportunities in developing countries was also a main topic examined at the forum.

The forum presented useful information to all the participants.  Several of the presenters indicated that there were many alternatives available for commercial refrigeration and that there is no “one size fits all” scenario currently existing. Additionally, many of the climate friendly alternatives recommended had additional benefits such as improved performance and greater energy efficiencies, particularly the natural refrigerants such as, hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide and ammonia.  All the presenters on technology options highlighted the need for adequate safety measures to be adhered to and responsible refrigerant management with this use of these alternatives; and that the Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) and the Total Equivalent Warming Impact (TEWI) must be considered in all transitioning applications.

With the transition into these alternatives, many challenges and opportunities would present themselves. Implementing Agencies of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, thoroughly examined this area.  Several challenges were highlighted: these challenges were diverse and spread over several areas including lack of standards and policy measures, lack of training, equipment, components and limited technical capacities of service technicians to deal with the alternative options. Other challenges include costs and financing, market conditions, availability and applicability of the options in some regions and the lack of leadership from the private sector.

Meanwhile, there were much fewer opportunities to be derived from the transition.  However, it was indicated that there would be opportunities, to promote low global warming potential (GWP) alternatives, both form a “bottom up” and “top down perspective.  There would also be opportunities for the international food and beverage industry to filter technologies from developed industrialized countries into the developing world.  Educational institutions will also have opportunities to design and execute focused training that would develop and promote the technical capabilities of commercial refrigeration technicians.  The manner in which these challenges and opportunities are confronted and embraced respectively can determine the level of acceptance and implementation of these options presented, particularly in developing countries.

The forum concluded with a field visit to Sobeys IGA, an international ultra-modern supermarket where the transition has already been made to climate friendly trans-critical carbon dioxide (CO2) for all of the refrigeration equipment.

Participants commended and thanked the organizers for a well planned and executed forum that addressed several important topics related to technology options in commercial refrigeration.

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Over US One Million ($1,000.000) Dollars approved for Caribbean Countries under the Montreal Protocol in 2012.

Montreal, Canada, December 07, 2012: The week of December 3rd – 7th has been a very significant one for several Caribbean countries that are Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

At the recently concluded 68th Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multi-lateral Fund (MLF) for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol (December 7th) in Montreal, Canada, seven (7) Caribbean countries that submitted projects for approval were successful in doing so.  The Executive Committee in its review of the projects approved over US $720,000 for these countries.

Institutional Strengthening Projects (ISP) for Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Lucia and St. Kitt’s and Nevis were approved amounting to approximately US $417,000.  Additionally, the Hydrochlorofluorocarbon Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) for Haiti and the second tranche of Stage 1 of the HPMP for St. Lucia was also approved, totaling approximately US $306,000.

Other Caribbean countries have also benefitted from the assistance of the Multi-lateral Fund in 2012.  At the 67th Executive Committee Meeting in July, extension of Institutional Strengthening Projects was also approved for Grenada and Suriname totaling approximately US $133,000.

Earlier in the year at the 65th Meeting of the Committee in April, funding for Stage1 of the Antigua and Barbuda HPMP was also approved.

The funding approved by the MLF is strategic for managing and sustaining the Montreal Protocol programmes and activities of the respective National Ozone Units (NOU), in the case of the Institutional Strengthening Projects and for meeting the Stage 1 phase out targets for ozone depleting Substances (ODS), up to the year 2020.

The total amount of funds approved by the Executive Committee for Parties to the Montreal Protocol in the sub-region the English Speaking Caribbean and Haiti for 2012 amounts to over one million United States dollars (US $1,000,000).

National Ozone Officer of Grenada, Mr. Leslie Smith attended the meeting as part of the Cuban delegation.  Cuba and Argentina are the elected representatives on the Executive Committee representing the region of Latin America and the Caribbean.

As of December 03, 2012, the application for, and the approval of import/export of licenses for Ozone Depleting Substances (refrigerants) by the Ministry of the Environment, Foreign Trade and Export Development will now be done electronically.

All import or export license applications for these goods must be applied for using the License Module of the ASYCUDA World System that utilizes the Direct Trader Input (DTI) method. This system can also be used to monitor and manage the quota system for hydrochlorofluorocarbons to be implemented from January 1, 2012.

This paperless system implemented by Grenada is among the first in the Caribbean sub-region of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). Importers and their brokers who would have received training in this procedure must ensure that they have the necessary infrastructure in place to facilitate this process since paper applications for licenses would no longer be accepted.

The National Ozone Unit welcomes this initiative immensely, since it would facilitate the control measures for imports and/or exports of ODSs and aid in the data capture and reporting requirements of the National Ozone Unit to the Multilateral Fund and Ozone Secretariats of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

ST. GEORGE’S, GRENADA Monday, December 03, 2012: The National Ozone Unit (NOU) of Grenada in conjunction with the United Nations Environment Program Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP ROLAC) and the Grenada Refrigeration, Air-conditioning and Ventilating Association (GRAVA) conducted a very successful training workshop for refrigeration and air-conditioning technicians from the English Speaking Caribbean on Alternative Refrigerant technology that focused on Natural Refrigerants, particularly hydrocarbons.

The workshop, which took place from November 27th to 29th, 2012 at the Grenada National Stadium, was part of a South-South Co-operation initiative for technicians of the region.

Grenada being at the forefront in the application of hydrocarbon technology in the region hosted over thirty technicians over the three days; from Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Bahamas, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Grenada.

Experienced local technicians, Mr. Michael Mitchell and Mr. Henry Frederick, conducted the hydrocarbon component of the training while Mr. Badasee Nanan, a Certified Member (CM) of the Refrigeration Services Engineering Society (RSES), conducted the training on the final day, in R-410A technology.

A wide range of topics were covered, with focus being placed on safety considerations, installation differences, and conversion procedures.

The training also incorporated a practical component during which the participants were involved in the conversion of domestic and commercial refrigeration equipment, mini-split AC and mobile air-condition (MAC) systems to hydrocarbons.

Gary Peters one of the visiting technicians from St. Vincent and the Grenadines expressed pleasure to see that a small island as Grenada can play a leading role in the sharing of expertise and experiences to the rest of the region on technology options in the refrigeration and air-conditioning sector. Another participant, Mr. Frederick Beausoleil, secretary of the Association of tecnicians in St. Lucia said in his evaluation, “I have been to three workshops on hydrocarbons in the past where I received a lot of information, however, the delivery of this one was most effective”. Similar sentiments were also expressed by most of the participants. President of the Bahamas Association of technicians summed it up best when he said, “I have been to several workshops of this nature but this one stands out amongst the best I have attended…”.

Participants were presented with certificates of participation during a short closing ceremony on the final day. Addressing the participants during the closing ceremony were: Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance, Mr. Timothy Antoine; Program Officer form the UNEP ROLAC, Mr. Marco Pinzon; and President of GRAVA, Mr. Henry Frederick. Mr. Antoine, in his address, indicated that there are numerous opportunities in the areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency and that the technicians have a pivotal role to play in taking advantage of these opportunities. Mr. Antoine, leading by example, recently had the AC system of his vehicle converted to hydrocarbon technology during Grenada’s Energy Week celebrations.

Please click on the following link to view the  the Workshop Report:

Day three focused on R-410A technology since it is fast becoming the dominant technology because of greater energy efficiencies with some models. This component of the workshop was conducted by Mr. Badasee Nanan – RSES CM from Trinidad and Tobago. Some the topics covered included, propoerties of R-410A refrigerant, Safety, Pressure Temperature relationship , recovering R410A refrigerants, instalation and maintenance differences.

Participants also visited the T A Marryshw Community College (TAMCC), the leading technical institution in Grenada to observe the classroom environment and to interact with the lecturer since several participants are RAC instructors in their own countries.

Day three concluded with an evaluation and closing ceremony, Permanent Secretary, in the Ministry of Finance where the National Ozone Unit is located delivered the feature address.  Also addressing the participants were Mr. Marco Pinzon from UNEP ROLAC and Mr Henry Frederick of GRAVA.  Participants were presented with certificates of participation for both the Hydrocarbons and R-410A components.  This brought closure to an extremely successful three days of training in alternative refrigerant technologies.


Day two started with a short field trip to a Hydrocarbon Refrigeration Assembling plant. In the classroom participants continued with Hydrocarbon conversion procedures conducted by Mr. Michael Mitchell.  The entire afternoon was devoted to practical work.  During the practical component, the participants converted one domestic refrigerator, one bottle cooler, a minisplit AC and four MAC systems including a bus into Hydrocarbons.


During the brief opening ceremony messages were delivered by Mr. Marco Pinzon from the UNited Nations Environment Programme Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP ROLAC), Mr. Henry Frederick, President of the Grenada Refrigeration, Air-conditioning and Ventilating Association (GRAVA) and Mr.Leslie Smith Project Officer in the National Ozone Unit.  Participants introduced themselves and indicated their expectations from attending the workshop.  The Topics covered on Day 1 were: Introduction to Natural Refrigerants – Physical and chemical properties, Advantages of Hydrocarbons, Safe use, transportation and storage of Hydrocarbons, installation differences and case studies in Grenada and St. Lucia.  Also, a presentation was made vis Skype by Ms Nina Masson of Shecco ( to give a global perspective on the application of hydrocarbon technology.











The Rainbows, Brownies and Girl Guides of the 13th Guide Company, Grand Anse, St. George’s were taught how to be Sun-Smart during an interactive presentation on Tuesday 7th November 2012 in Grand Anse, St. George’s.

Project Officer in the National Ozone Unit, Mr. Leslie Smith delivered a presentation to the group that addressed several issues related to the Ozone Layer; its function, how it is being depleted, the effects of its depletion and how they can protect themselves from the harmful effects of ozone layer depletion.

Mr. Smith also explained to the youngsters what the Ultra Violet (UV)-Index is and how to read and interpret it. He also presented all members of the Guide Compnay with UV-Index meters. These meters were provided to the NOU by the United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP,ROLAC) as part of a Regional Public Awareness initiative for Ozone Units of the English Speaking Caribbean and Haiti. The members was given an opportunity to use the meters to measure the UV Index and to determine the level of the UV rays in the Grand Anse area.

During the presentation the members were also taught about being Sun-Smart and how to protect themselves from harmful UV rays. They were encouraged to:

• Avoid being out in the sun form 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. during which time of the day the sun is the hottest;

• To seek shade;

• Cover up using long pants and long sleeve clothing

• Wear sunglasses that offer UV protection;

• Wear sun screen with a sun protection factor of at least 15 and

• To wear broad rimmed hats when out in the sun

The members of the 13th Guide Company Grand Anse, St. George’s were extremely thankful for the presentation and indicated that they would share the information learnt with their family members and colleagues at school


December 2012

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